The Federal Republic of Germany - West Germany - is founded on 12 May. On the 24 May, the German Democratic Republic - East Germany - is founded.
Building workers in East Berlin riot over working conditions. The Red Army steps in to suppress the protests.
The border between East and West Berlin is closed. Soldiers start to build the wall. What starts as barbed wire and light fencing builds up over the years into a complex series of wall, fortified fences, gun positions and watchtowers heavily guarded and patrolled. More than 200 people die in the years that followed trying to cross the wall.
US President John F Kennedy visits the wall. He declares himself a Berliner and vows to protect the people of West Berlin.
President Ronald Reagan visits Berlin and urges Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the wall.
The Hungarian Government opens its border with Austria. Thousands of East Germans leave, making their way to West Germany.
Berliners celebrate the end of the wall by climbing on it
A million people attend a pro-democracy demonstration in East Berlin's main square. Within days, the East German Government resigns.
Thousands of East German protesters go to border crossings demanding they be let through. The border guards stand back as thousands stream into West Berlin. The wall is breached and people begin to pull it down in celebration.
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